Water Jet Cutting

Water Jet Cutting Services

Sheet metal prototypes and low-volume production parts shipped in as fast as 1 day

Overview: How Water Jet Cutting works?

The Basics Of Water Jet Cutting

Water Jet Cutting In Progress

A waterjet cutter, also called a waterjet, is an industrial cutting device used for the fabrication of flat-cut parts. Using a nozzle to focus water into a high-pressure stream, a waterjet can be used to cut semi-soft materials like rubber, foam, or wood. Abrasive granular substances can be added to the jet in order to cut harder materials like aluminum and sheet metal.

How Water Jet Cutting Works

A waterjet is connected to a high-pressure pump, which pushes water through specialized tubing and then expels it from the nozzle at a focused volume and a velocity of up to 900 m/sec. The perfect ratio of velocity and volume is what allows the waterjet to maintain it’s unique high-pressure cutting stream.

In the case of abrasive water cutting, the abrasive substance (often garnet or aluminum oxide) is combined with the water in a chamber near the nozzle, and the mixture is then ejected in a thin water stream.

A waterjet is given great accuracy and repeatability by CNC technology, which is able to reliably manage the movement of the nozzle and water.

Benifits of Water Jet Cutting

Waterjet cutting does not warp or alter the structure of the material being cut, as a laser or more traditional cutting tool sometimes does. It is also is capable of very fine and complicated shapes. Additionally, a waterjet’s precision cuts do not require sanding or grinding, and it produces no byproducts that might harm human operators or the environment — unlike laser cutting and plasma cutting. The water can also be recycled, reducing waste and cost while increasing energy efficiency.

CNC waterjet cutters can be used on almost any material, and are easily adjusted from pure water cutting to abrasive water cutting. This makes them an adaptable tool for many industries.

Features of Water Jet Cutting


[su_service title=”Fast Turnaround” icon=”icon: thumbs-o-up” icon_color=”#1abc9c” size=”48″]FacFox provides quick quotes and completed laser cut parts in as fast as 2 business days.[/su_service]

[su_service title=”Durability” icon=”icon: thumbs-o-up” icon_color=”#1abc9c” size=”48″]Laser cut processes produce highly durable parts well-suited for both functional prototypes and end-use production.[/su_service]

[su_service title=”Wide Range of Materials” icon=”icon: thumbs-o-up” icon_color=”#1abc9c” size=”48″]Choose from a variety of sheet metals across a wide range of strength, conductivity, weight, and corrosion-resistance.[/su_service]

[su_service title=”Scalable Volume” icon=”icon: thumbs-o-up” icon_color=”#1abc9c” size=”48″]All sheet parts are built on-demand and with lower setup costs compared to CNC Machining. Depending on your needs, order as little as a single prototype up to 10,000 production parts.[/su_service]

[su_service title=”Custom Surface Finishes” icon=”icon: thumbs-o-up” icon_color=”#1abc9c” size=”48″]Select from a variety of finishes, including anodizing, plating, powder coating, and painting.[/su_service]

[su_service title=”Cost Saving” icon=”icon: thumbs-o-up” icon_color=”#1abc9c” size=”48″]Low investment in tooling and preparation costs, economical for laser cut parts like bracket, chasis.[/su_service]


[su_service title=”Structure Limits” icon=”icon: thumbs-o-down” icon_color=”#f72e38″ size=”48″]Interlocking and hollowed structure is difficult to be achieved[/su_service]

Water Jet Cutting Processes

Motion Control

The motion control system is an essential element in an abrasive waterjet cutting system because the cutting stream bends as it cuts. This means that a waterjet tends to undercut corners and swing wide on curves when moved as one would move a traditional rigid cutting tool. 


Waterjet cutting systems utilize either the older, more complex hydraulic intensifier pump or the newer, simpler crankshaft-driven triplex plunger pump.


Note that for a water-only nozzle that is designed for cutting soft materials, the mixing chamber and tube are eliminated and the coherent jet of water alone cuts the material.

Available Materials

[su_row][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/MSF-AL5052.jpg”]Aluminum 5052[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/MSF-Copper.jpg”]Copper T1/T2/C110[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/MSF-Brass.jpg”]Brass H59/H65[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][/su_row]

[su_row][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/MSF-SST.jpg”]Stainless Steel 303/304/316[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/MSF-zinc-plated-steel.jpg”]Zinc plated steel[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/MSF-cold-rolled-steel.jpg”]Cold rolled steel[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][/su_row]

[su_row][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/MSF-Hot-rolled-steel.jpg”]Hot rolled steel[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][/su_column][/su_row]

[su_row][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-ABS-3.jpg”]ABS[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-PP.jpg”]Polypropylene (PP)[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-PC-1.jpg”]Polycarbonate (PC)[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][/su_row]

[su_row][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-PMMA.jpg”]Acrylic (PMMA)[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-PA12.jpg”]Nylon 12(PA12)[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-PA-66.jpg”]Nylon 6/66(PA6/66)[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][/su_row]

[su_row][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-POM.jpg”]Derlin (POM)[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-PET.jpg”]PET[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-PTFE-1.jpg”]Teflon (PTFE)[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][/su_row]

[su_row][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-wood.jpg”]Wood Sheet[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/cnc-MDF.jpg”]MDF Panel[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/CNC-CF.jpg”]Carbon Fiber Sheet[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][/su_row]

[su_row][su_column size=”1/3″][su_photo_panel radius=”4″ photo=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/water-jet-glass.jpg”]Glass[/su_photo_panel][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][/su_column][su_column size=”1/3″][/su_column][/su_row]

Available Finishes

The finish option with the quickest turnaround.

Parts are left with visible tool marks and potentially sharp edges and burrs, which can be removed upon request. Surface finish is comparable to 125 uin Ra finish.

Abrasive blasting, more commonly known as sandblasting, is the operation of forcibly propelling a stream of abrasive material against a surface under high pressure to smooth a rough surface, roughen a smooth surface, shape a surface or remove surface contaminants.

Anodizing is an electrochemical process that converts the metal surface into a decorative, durable, corrosion-resistant, anodic oxide finish. Aluminum is ideally suited to anodizing, although other nonferrous metals, such as magnesium and titanium, also can be anodized.

Powder coating is a type of coating that is applied as a free-flowing, dry powder. The main difference between a conventional liquid paint and a powder coating is that the powder coating does not require a solvent to keep the binder and filler parts in coating and is then cured under heat to allow it to flow and form a “skin”. The powder may be a thermoplastic or a thermoset polymer. It is usually used to create a hard finish that is tougher than conventional paint. Powder coating is mainly used for coating of metals, such as household appliances, aluminium extrusionsdrum hardware and automobile and bicycle parts.

  • Electroplating
  • Don’t see the finish you need? Submit an RFQ with ‘Suggest’ option, we’ll look into a finishing process for you.

Water Jet Cutting Applications


Whether you need a bracket, chassis, enclosure, or any other complex sheet plastic/metal design, we’ll ship 1 to 50+ prototypes in as fast as 4 days.

End Products

Get the same great service of our prototyping shop higher volumes. Our low-volume production facility can produce up to 50 to 1,000+ sheet pastic/metal parts in as fast as 10 days.

Multipart Assemblies

We provide a partial or complete prototype assembly in 2 to 3 weeks. We help coordinate the procurement of your custom and catalog parts to build your electro-mechanical assembly fast.

Get Quotes Now!

Industries with Water Jet Cutting

[su_icon_panel icon_size=”48″ border=”none” shadow=”none” url=”/case/aerospace” icon=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/satellite-1.svg” icon_color=”#ffe875″]Aerospace[/su_icon_panel]
[su_icon_panel icon_size=”48″ border=”none” shadow=”none” url=”/case/automotive” icon=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/car.svg” icon_color=”#ffe875″]Automotive[/su_icon_panel]
[su_icon_panel icon_size=”48″ border=”none” shadow=”none” url=”/case/consumer” icon=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/speakers.svg” icon_color=”#ffe875″]Consumer Goods[/su_icon_panel]
[su_icon_panel icon_size=”48″ border=”none” shadow=”none” url=”/case/electronic” icon=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/artificial-intelligence.svg” icon_color=”#ffe875″]Electronics[/su_icon_panel]
[su_icon_panel icon_size=”48″ border=”none” shadow=”none” url=”/case/art” icon=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/creative-idea.svg” icon_color=”#ffe875″ size=”48″]Art & Creative[/su_icon_panel]
[su_icon_panel icon_size=”48″ border=”none” shadow=”none” url=”/case/architect” icon=”https://oss.makeii.com/image/hook.svg” icon_color=”#ffe875″]Architechture[/su_icon_panel]


Resources for Water Jet Cutting

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